Hangul (pronounced /ˈhɑːŋɡʊl/, or Korean [haːn.ɡɯl] (help·info), in Korean: 한글 Hangeul/Han'gŭl (in South Korea) or 조선글Chosŏn'gŭl/Joseongeul (in North Korea)) is the native alphabet of the Korean language, as distinguished from the logographic Sino-Korean hanjasystem. It was created in the mid-fifteenth century, and is now the official script of both North Korea and South Korea, being co-official in theYanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture of China.
Hangul is a phonemic alphabet organized into syllabic blocks. Each block consists of at least two of the 24 Hangul letters (jamo), with at least one each of the 14 consonants and 10 vowels. These syllabic blocks can be written horizontally from left to right as well as vertically from top to bottom in columns from right to left. Originally, the alphabet had several additional letters (see obsolete jamo). For a phonological description of the letters, see Korean phonology.